Type 1 Diabetes

When you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas can’t make insulin. This vital hormone helps your body's cells convert sugar into energy. Without insulin, sugar builds up in your blood and can reach dangerous levels. To avoid life threatening complications, people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin for their entire lives.

Early Warning Signs,
Feeling more thirsty than usual
Dry mouth
Fruity breath
Peeing a lot

As blood sugar levels remain high, type 1 diabetes often leads to
Weight loss
Bigger appetite
Lack of energy
Many people with type 1 diabetes get uncomfortable skin conditions, such as Bacterial infections, Fungal infections, Itching, dry skin, poor circulation. Females with type 1 diabetes are more likely to have genital yeast infections. Babies can get candidiasis, a severe form of diaper rash caused by yeast. It can easily spread from the diaper area to the thighs and stomach.

When blood sugar isn't controlled, type 1 diabetes can cause more serious symptoms, likewise Numbness or tingling in the feet, Blurred vision, Low blood sugar (called hypoglycemia) Passing out. If your blood sugar gets too high or too low, you could go into a diabetic coma. You may not have any warning signs before this happens. You will need to get emergency treatment.

Without treatment, type 1 diabetes deprives your cells of the sugar they need for energy. Your body starts burning fat instead, which causes ketones to build up in the blood. These are acids that can poison your body. This plus other changes in your blood can trigger a life threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. This is an emergency that must be treated quickly. You may need to go to the ER.

Type 1 diabetes can happen at any point in life. But it's mostly diagnosed before the age of 19. It affects boys and girls equally, but it's more common in whites than in other ethnic groups. According to the World Health Organization, type 1 diabetes is rare in most African, Native American, and Asian people.

Doctors may check your fasting blood sugar or a random blood sugar level and also get your A1c level, which shows average blood sugar readings for the past 2-3 months. For best result, the tests should be repeated on 2 separate days.

Uncontrolled blood sugar for a long time can damage many of your body's systems. Type 1 diabetes can make you more likely to have
Heart disease and stroke
Kidney failure
Blindness or other problems seeing
Gum disease and tooth loss
Nerve damage in the hands, feet, and organs

Everyone with type 1 diabetes must take insulin. Most people take it as an injection and need multiple shots per day. Your doctor will explain how to adjust the amounts based on the results of your blood sugar tests. The goal is to keep your levels in the normal range as often as possible.

Your doctor will probably suggest you have an A1c blood test every 3 to 6 months. It shows how well your blood sugar has been controlled over the past 2 to 3 months. If the results aren’t good, you may need to adjust your insulin dose, meal planning, or physical activity.


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