Gastritis, Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

Gastritis is an inflammation, irritation, or erosion of the lining of the stomach. It can occur suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic).

Causes for Gastritis?
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Stress
  • Use of certain medications such as other anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a bacteria that lives in the mucous lining of the stomach
  • Bile reflux, a backflow of bile into the stomach from the bile tract that connects to the liver and gallbladder
  • Infections caused by bacteria and viruses

Symptoms of Gastritis?

Most common symptoms of Gastritis are
  • Nausea or recurrent upset stomach
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach between meals or at night
  • Hiccups
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting blood or coffee ground-like material
  • Black, tarry stools
Diagnosing of Gastritis

After a physical evaluation the patient may recommend the following

  1. Upper endoscopy. By using an endoscope, a thin tube containing a tiny camera, is inserted through your mouth and down into your stomach to look at the stomach lining, doctor will check for inflammation and may perform a biopsy, a procedure in which a tiny sample of tissue is removed and then sent to a laboratory for analysis.
  2. Screen for H. pylori infection and pernicious anemia with blood tests.
  3. Fecal occult blood test (stool test). This test checks for the presence of blood in your stool, a possible sign of gastritis.

Treatment for Gastritis?

  • Taking antacids and proton pump inhibitors or H-2 blockers to reduce stomach acid
  • Avoiding hot and spicy foods
  • Antibiotics plus an acid blocking drugs are used for gastritis caused by H. pylori infection.
  • B12 vitamin shots will be given for the gastritis is caused by pernicious anemia

If gastritis is left untreated, it can lead to a severe loss of blood and may increase the risk of developing stomach cancer.


Thanks for reading Gastritis, Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

« Prev Post