Types of birth control / Contraception - How to Prepare for Pregnancy

Making choices about birth control, or contraception, isn't easy. There are many things to think about. To get started, learn about birth control methods you or your partner can use to prevent pregnancy. You can also talk with your doctor about the choices. 

Before choosing a birth control method, think about
Your overall health 
How often you have sex 
The number of sex partners you have 
If you want to have children someday 
How well each method works to prevent pregnancy Possible side effects 
Your comfort level with using the method 

Keep in mind, some times even the most effective birth control methods can fail. But your chances of getting pregnant are lowest if the method you choose always is used correctly and every time you have sex. 

Birth controling methods are grouped by how they work
  • Natural family planning / Rhythm method
  • Barrier methods
  1. Contraceptive sponge
  2. Diaphragm, cervical cap, and cervical shield
  3. Female condom
  4. Male condom
  • Hormonal methods
  1. Oral contraceptives Pills
  2. The patch
  3. Injection
  4. Vaginal ring
  • Implantable devices
  1. Implantable rods
  2. Intrauterine devices
  • Permanent birth control methods
  1. Sterilization implant
  2. Surgical sterilization
  • Emergency contraception

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