Essential Contents of an Emergency Drug Trolley: A Comprehensive Guide

Emergency drug trolleys are crucial in hospital wards, but the specific contents may vary. This comprehensive guide provides an overview of commonly found medications in an emergency drug trolley, ensuring quick access to life-saving drugs during critical situations.

image source GM Medical

Resuscitation Medications:

  • Adrenaline (epinephrine): Uses and benefits for severe allergic reactions, cardiac arrest, and asthma attacks.
  • Atropine: Importance in treating bradycardia and organophosphate poisoning.
  • Amiodarone: How this medication addresses life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias.

Analgesics and Sedatives:

  • Morphine: Effective pain relief for managing severe pain.
  • Midazolam: Benefits as a sedative and anti-anxiety medication for conscious sedation and seizure control.


  • Naloxone: Role in reversing the effects of opioid overdose.
  • Flumazenil: Importance as an antidote for benzodiazepine overdose.

Cardiovascular Medications:

  • Aspirin: Significance during suspected heart attacks for reducing blood clotting.
  • Nitroglycerin: Benefits in relieving angina and managing heart failure.


  • Salbutamol: Role in relieving bronchospasm for asthma and COPD patients.

Intravenous Fluids:

  • Normal saline: Uses for fluid replacement and resuscitation.

Airway Management:

  • Endotracheal tubes: Significance in advanced airway management and ventilation.
  • Oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airways: Importance in maintaining an open airway during resuscitation.


  • Adhesive tape, scissors, and gloves: Essential tools for medication administration and patient care.
  • Syringes, needles, and cannulas: Uses in administering medications and fluids.

The contents of an emergency drug trolley vary based on hospital protocols, regulations, and patient needs. Regular review, restocking, and maintenance of these contents ensure the availability of life-saving medications during emergencies. This comprehensive guide provides valuable insights into the commonly found medications in an emergency drug trolley, enhancing patient safety and effective emergency response.


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