Key steps to prevent pneumonia in children

Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs. Pneumonia causes more than 1 in 10 deaths of children below 5 years of age, killing over 740000 per year. 

Did you know?

It is the single largest infectious cause of death in children worldwide? 🌎🌍🌏

Here are some key steps to prevent pneumonia in children.

  • Reducing exposure to indoor air pollution 
  • Adequate nutrition 
  • Immunization 
  • Avoiding smoking near children

What causes pneumonia in a child?
Pneumonia is most often caused by bacteria or viruses. Some of these bacteria and viruses can be spread by direct contact with a person who is already infected with them.

Common bacteria and viruses that may cause pneumonia are:
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia. This often causes a mild form of the illness called walking pneumonia.
  • Group B streptococcus
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). This is most often seen in children younger than 5 years old.
  • Parainfluenza virus
  • Influenza virus
  • Adenovirus
Pneumonia may sometimes be caused by fungi.


Thanks for reading Key steps to prevent pneumonia in children

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